IHLC @ Olympics & Invitationals

While the most frequent IIHF senior tournament where the International Hockey Lineal Championship is most contested is the annual IIHF World Championships, the IIHF also recognizes two other major tournaments as senior competitions, the Winter Olympics and Invitational tournaments (including the Summit Series, Canada Cup and World Cup Of Hockey) in its repertoire. Here’s a bit of a history behind each tournament, and in particular, the IHLC championship lineage through each tournament.


Winter Olympic Games – Men’s
After being introduced at the 1920 Summer Olympics in Antwerp, Belgium as an exhibition sport, Olympic ice hockey has been contested at all 23 incarnations of the Winter Olympics. While the 1920 tournament implemented a Bergvall system tournament, the Winter Games from 1924 to 1988 instituted a round robin format, where medals were awarded on points. 1992 was the first Olympics to feature a knockout tournament to crown medalists. While many Gold Medal winners also leave the Olympics with the International Hockey Lineal Championship, the unique variations in tournament format meant that there was always the possibility for a team to win the IHLC, but not advance to the finals, and leave the Olympics without gold, but as champions nonetheless.

1920 Antwerp belgium-11
canada1910thru20-1 CANADA
keeps IHLC throughout, wins Gold Medal

1924 Chamonix france-11
canada1921to57-11 CANADA
 keeps IHLC throughout, wins Gold Medal

1928 St. Moritz switzerland-11
canada1921to57-11 CANADA keeps IHLC throughout, wins Gold Medal

1932 Lake Placid usa11-48stars
canada1921to57-11 CANADA keeps IHLC throughout, wins Gold Medal

1936 Garmisch-Partenkirchen germany1933to45-11
canada1921to57-11 CANADA enters with IHLC
britain-11 GREAT BRITAIN wins Gold Medal and leaves with IHLC

1948 St. Moritz switzerland-11
switzerland-11 SWITZERLAND enters with IHLC
czech-11 CZECHOSLOVAKIA leaves with IHLC
canada1921to57-11 CANADA wins Gold Medal

1952 Oslo norway-11
canada1921to57-11 CANADA keeps IHLC throughout, wins Gold Medal

1956 Cortina d’Ampezzo italy-11
canada1921to57-11 CANADA enters with IHLC
usa11-48stars UNITED STATES win IHLC during tournament
ussr-11 SOVIET UNION wins IHLC during tournament, wins Gold Medal and leaves with IHLC

1960 Squaw Valley usa11-49stars
ussr-11 SOVIET UNION enters with IHLC
usa11-49stars UNITED STATES wins IHLC during tournament, wins Gold Medal and leaves with IHLC

1964 Innsbruck austria-11
ussr-11 SOVIET UNION keeps IHLC throughout, wins Gold Medal

1968 Grenoble france-11
sweden-11 SWEDEN enters with IHLC
ussr-11 SOVIET UNION wins IHLC during tournament, wins Gold Medal
czech-11 CZECHOSLOVAKIA wins IHLC during tournament, leaves with IHLC

1972 Sapporo japan-11
canada1965-11 CANADA does not participate, IHLC is not contended
ussr-11 SOVIET UNION wins Gold Medal

1976 Innsbruck austria-11
finland-11 FINLAND enters with IHLC
czech-11 CZECHOSLOVAKIA, poland-11 POLAND, usa-11 UNITED STATES win IHLC during tournament
germany1920to33and49-11 WEST GERMANY leaves with IHLC
ussr-11 SOVIET UNION wins Gold Medal

1980 Lake Placid usa-11
ussr-11 SOVIET UNION enters with IHLC
usa-11 UNITED STATES wins IHLC during tournament, wins Gold Medal and leaves with IHLC

1984 Sarajevo yugoslavia1946to92-11
ussr-11 SOVIET UNION keeps IHLC throughout, wins Gold Medal

1988 Calgary canada1965-11
canada1965-11 CANADA enters with IHLC, wins during tournament and leaves with IHLC
finland-11 FINLAND, czech-11 CZECHOSLOVAKIA win IHLC during tournament
ussr-11 SOVIET UNION wins Gold Medal

1992 Albertville (Méribel) france-11
usa-11 UNITED STATES enters with IHLC
russia1991to93-11 RUSSIA wins IHLC during tournament, wins Gold Medal and leaves with IHLC

1994 Lillehammer norway-11
slovakia-11 SLOVAKIA enters with IHLC
russia-11 RUSSIA wins IHLC during tournament
sweden-11 SWEDEN wins IHLC during tournament, wins Gold Medal and leaves with IHLC

1998 Nagano japan-11
kazakhstan-11 KAZAKHSTAN enters with IHLC
russia-11 RUSSIA wins IHLC during tournament
czech-11 CZECHIA wins Gold Medal and leaves with IHLC

2002 Salt Lake City (Provo / West Valley City) usa-11
czech-11 CZECHIA enters with IHLC
sweden-11 SWEDEN, belarus-11 BELARUS win IHLC during tournament
canada1965-11 CANADA wins IHLC during tournament, wins Gold Medal and leaves with IHLC

2006 Turin italy-11
russia-11 RUSSIA enters with IHLC
slovakia-11 SLOVAKIA, czech-11 CZECHIA win IHLC during tournament
sweden-11 SWEDEN wins IHLC during tournament, wins Gold Medal and leaves with IHLC

2010 Vancouver canada1965-11
finland-11 FINLAND enters with IHLC
sweden-11 SWEDEN, slovakia-11 SLOVAKIA win IHLC during tournament
canada1965-11 CANADA wins IHLC during tournament, wins Gold Medal and leaves with IHLC

2014 Sochi russia-11
finland-11 FINLAND enters with IHLC
canada1965-11 
CANADA wins IHLC during tournament, wins Gold Medal and leaves with IHLC


Winter Olympic Games – Women’s
After picking up considerable steam throughout the world, Women’s Olympic hockey was added to the Olympic sports roster for the 1998 Nagano Games. Since then, while the Games have largely been a two-horse race between perennial rivals Canada and the United States, new emerging nations have come forward to compete, including a shock upset of Sweden to claim Silver at the 2006 Turin games. All women’s tournaments thus far have resulted in the Gold Medal winner also winning or reclaiming the IHLC.

1998 Nagano japan-11
canada1965-11 CANADA enters with IHLC
usa-11 UNITED STATES wins IHLC during tournament, wins Gold Medal and leaves with IHLC

2002 Salt Lake City (Provo / West Valley City) usa-11
usa-11 UNITED STATES enters with IHLC
canada1965-11 CANADA wins Gold Medal and leaves with IHLC

2006 Turin italy-11
usa-11 UNITED STATES enters with IHLC
sweden-11 SWEDEN wins IHLC during tournament
canada1965-11 CANADA wins Gold Medal and leaves with IHLC

2010 Vancouver canada1965-11
canada1965-11 CANADA keeps IHLC throughout, wins Gold Medal

2014 Sochi russia-11
usa-11 UNITED STATES enters with IHLC
canada1965-11 CANADA wins IHLC during tournament, wins Gold Medal and leaves with IHLC


IIHF-NHL/WHA Invitationals
Since the 1930s, the top hockey players in North America or Western Europe that played professionally in the NHL were barred by the IIHF from participating in any international tournaments, as teams from the Eastern Bloc could proudly bring forth their powerhouse players as “amateurs,” although they certainly played to the calibre of professional talent. In 1972, fed up with the lack of competition between NHL professionals in Canada and the dominant Red Army team of the Soviet Union, the Summit Series best-of-eight tournament was formulated to crown the best in the world. The popularity of the series opened the door for a second Summit Series in 1974 (featuring a Canadian side of WHA all-stars), and a larger-scale global tournament, the Canada Cup, starting in 1981. After 5 Canada Cups in various cities across North America, the tournament was truly taken worldwide, with the first World Cup of Hockey in 1996 hosted in six countries. Again, while most tournament champions would also leave with the IHLC, differing formats (head-to-head, round robin, knockout tournament) allowed for some unique IHLC title changes to occur.

1972 Summit Series canada1965-11 ussr-11
canada1965-11 CANADA enters and leaves with IHLC, wins Summit Series
ussr-11 SOVIET UNION (x2), canada1965-11 CANADA win IHLC during series

1974 Summit Series canada1965-11 ussr-11
canada1965-11 CANADA enters with IHLC
ussr-11 SOVIET UNION wins IHLC during tournament, wins Summit Series and leaves with IHLC

1976 Canada Cup canada1965-11 usa-11
canada1965-11 CANADA enters with IHLC
czech-11 CZECHOSLOVAKIA wins IHLC during tournament
sweden-11 SWEDEN leaves with IHLC
canada1965-11 CANADA wins Canada Cup

1981 Canada Cup canada1965-11
canada1965-11 CANADA enters with IHLC
ussr-11 SOVIET UNION wins Canada Cup and leaves with IHLC

1984 Canada Cup canada1965-11 usa-11
ussr-11 SOVIET UNION
enters with IHLC
canada1965-11 CANADA 
wins IHLC during tournament, wins Canada Cup and leaves with IHLC

1987 Canada Cup canada1965-11 usa-11
sweden-11 SWEDEN 
enters with IHLC
usa-11 UNITED STATEScanada1965-11 CANADA
, ussr-11 SOVIET UNION win IHLC during tournament
canada1965-11 CANADA 
wins IHLC during tournament, wins Canada Cup and leaves with IHLC

1991 Canada Cup canada1965-11 usa-11
finland-11 FINLAND 
enters with IHLC
ussr-11 SOVIET UNION
, usa-11 UNITED STATES win IHLC during tournament
canada1965-11 CANADA 
wins IHLC during tournament, wins Canada Cup and leaves with IHLC

1996 World Cup Of Hockey canada1965-11 czech-11 finland-11 germany1920to33and49-11 sweden-11 usa-11
russia-11 RUSSIA 
enters with IHLC
canada1965-11 CANADA
(x2) wins IHLC during tournament
usa-11 UNITED STATES 
wins IHLC during tournament, wins World Cup and leaves with IHLC

2004 World Cup Of Hockey canada1965-11 czech-11 finland-11 germany1920to33and49-11 sweden-11 usa-11
canada1965-11 CANADA keeps IHLC throughout, wins World Cup

2016 World Cup Of Hockey canada1965-11
canada1965-11 CANADA keeps IHLC throughout, wins World Cup


Three / Four Nations Cup
Established after the Pacific Rim Championship was cancelled in 1995, the tournament invited the top three women’s hockey nations to face off on an annual basis, with Sweden joining in 2000 to establish the tournament as the Four Nations Cup. The 2001 tournament reverted back to three teams after the United States withdrew following the September 11 attacks, but the tournament has held with the same teams consistently since 2002, rotating between the four countries to host on a regular basis.

1996 Three Nations Cup canada1965-11
canada1965-11 CANADA enters and leaves with IHLC, wins Gold Medal
usa-11 UNITED STATES wins IHLC during tournament

1997 Three Nations Cup canada1965-11 usa-11
canada1965-11 CANADA enters with IHLC
usa-11 UNITED STATES wins Gold Medal and leaves with IHLC

1998 Three Nations Cup finland-11
canada1965-11 CANADA keeps IHLC throughout, wins Gold Medal

1999 Three Nations Cup canada1965-11
canada1965-11 CANADA keeps IHLC throughout, wins Gold Medal

2000 Four Nations Cup usa-11
canada1965-11 CANADA enters and leaves with IHLC, wins Gold Medal
usa-11 UNITED STATES wins IHLC during tournament

2001 Three Nations Cup finland-11
usa-11 UNITED STATES does not participate, IHLC is not contended
canada1965-11 CANADA wins Gold Medal

2002 Four Nations Cup canada1965-11
canada1965-11 CANADA keeps IHLC throughout, wins Gold Medal

2003 Four Nations Cup sweden-11
canada1965-11 CANADA enters with IHLC
usa-11 UNITED STATES wins IHLC during tournament, wins Gold Medal and leaves with IHLC

2004 Four Nations Cup usa-11
canada1965-11 CANADA keeps IHLC throughout, wins Gold Medal

2005 Four Nations Cup finland-11
usa-11 UNITED STATES enters with IHLC
canada1965-11 CANADA wins IHLC during tournament, wins Gold Medal and leaves with IHLC

2006 Four Nations Cup canada1965-11
canada1965-11 CANADA keeps IHLC throughout, wins Gold Medal

2007 Four Nations Cup sweden-11
canada1965-11 CANADA keeps IHLC throughout, wins Gold Medal

2008 Four Nations Cup usa-11
usa-11 UNITED STATES enters with IHLC, wins Gold Medal
canada1965-11 CANADA wins IHLC during tournament
sweden-11 SWEDEN wins IHLC during tournament and leaves with IHLC

2009 Four Nations Cup finland-11
canada1965-11 CANADA enters and leaves with IHLC, wins Gold Medal
usa-11 UNITED STATES
 
wins IHLC during tournament

2010 Four Nations Cup canada1965-11
usa-11 UNITED STATES enters with IHLC
canada1965-11 CANADA 
wins Gold Medal and leaves with IHLC

2011 Four Nations Cup sweden-11
canada1965-11 CANADA enters with IHLC
usa-11 UNITED STATES 
wins Gold Medal and leaves with IHLC

2012 Four Nations Cup finland-11
canada1965-11 CANADA enters with IHLC
usa-11 UNITED STATES 
wins Gold Medal and leaves with IHLC

2013 Four Nations Cup usa-11
canada1965-11 CANADA keeps IHLC throughout, wins Gold Medal

2014 Four Nations Cup canada1965-11
canada1965-11 CANADA keeps IHLC throughout, wins Gold Medal

2015 Four Nations Cup sweden-11
usa-11 UNITED STATES keeps IHLC throughout, wins Gold Medal

2016 Four Nations Cup finland-11
usa-11 UNITED STATES enters and leaves with IHLC, wins Gold Medal
canada1965-11 CANADA
wins IHLC during tournament

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